A ladder for a shower - self-assembly and their types
Many homeowners, when choosing a shower tray or a cabin, face the problem of a non-standard bathroom size. What to do? Sacrifice the space or appearance of the room? Not necessary! It is enough to abandon the standards and install a shower ladder.
What is a ladder shower tray?
Trap tray is a small channel, closed from above by a grating. The dimensions of these trays range from 75 to
The components of the ladder:
- branch with clutch;
- water intake funnel;
- Flange sealing the waterproofing membrane of the floor;
- A grill protecting the sewer from clogging.
The components of the ladder listed above may differ depending on the materials used for them and the place of application.
Shower gangways - views
PLASTIC SEWERAGE TRAP use in sanitary facilities. It withstands high loads and is resistant to aggressive environments. Simply simplifies the process of mounting a small mass of plastic ladder. The plastic gangway sold in stores is usually equipped with a siphon and a decorative grating.
CHANNEL SEWAGE TRAIL they are installed only in industrial enterprises. It has a lot of weight and is difficult to install. The advantage of such a ladder is the possibility of its operation not only in shower cabins, but also in specialized laboratories. Cast iron ladder is able to withstand the harshest conditions of operation.
TRAIL FROM STAINLESS STEEL mount in rooms with high sanitary standards. The entire body of the product, grille and cover are made of steel, which ensures easy cleaning and easy installation of the device. Most often, these products are installed in hospitals.
A ladder with a dry gate - mechanical design, which, under the influence of gravity forces, always tends to adopt a position closing the sewage pipeline. There are several types of mechanism:
Spring-loaded diaphragm. It opens when there are places of public catering, kindergartens and so on.
In addition to the difference in materials, shower traps can also differ according to other criteria.
Vertical ladder has a large throughput system, but in this regard, special conditions for installation are needed.
Horizontal ladder can be used in all rooms, regardless of the number of storeys of the building, which explains their popularity.
Also on sale you can find devices of two types: with a dry gate and with a hydraulic lock. a little water pressure on the membrane. and after the passage of water, the spring returns the membrane to its place, closing the passage.
- Float. He always aspires to ascend, and when the water stop dries up, the float drops and blocks the passage.
- Pendulum Shutter.
- Molecular memory of the material. This is a modern solution, based on the fact that the elastic tube tends to the original form-compression or twisting.
The gangway with a hydraulic lock is a kind of siphon in the ladder. Its device helps to protect the room from foreign smells from the pipe. This design has its advantages and disadvantages.
Advantages: simplicity and efficiency, good drainage rates and protection of the premises from unpleasant odors.
Disadvantages; the need for periodic replacement of the siphon, the need to regularly protect the siphon (hydraulic seal) from drying out. Most often it is made of steel or aluminum.
Choosing a dry ladder
When choosing a dry ladder, it is necessary to take into account the conditions under which it will be installed.
- The first thing to determine is the estimated number of drains. For household conditions, a ladder with a conditional pass 50 mm is sufficient.
- Constructional height of the device. A gangway with a horizontal tap can be used in cramped conditions, its height usually does not exceed 7-10 cm, and a shutter with a vertical exit will require at least 15-18 cm of free space.
- Before buying, it is necessary to pay special attention to the serviceability and integrity of all the components of the ladder, it is not out of place to verify its performance.
- After finding out all the technical issues you can think about the appearance of the device. The gangway can be made of plastic or metal, have a different configuration and perforation.
Location of the ladder
A drainage ladder may not be in the center of the shower. It is sufficient that the drain is located at the lowest point of the room, ensuring the collection of running water.
Location of the plum in the bathroom:
- In the center of the shower room or with a small offset to one of its sides. In this case, the slope is made on four sides.
- In the corner. Such an arrangement of the drain is invisible, and a slight slope of the entire floor surface is carried out in two planes.
- Near one of the walls. The slope of the floor is carried out in one plane, towards the drain. Usually, slot devices with high throughput are installed in this way. They are less prone to clogging and look great on the floor.
Installation work on installing the ladder
If the issue of installing a ladder appeared at the stage of building a private house, then problems with how to make a drain in the shower usually do not arise. It is arranged in a monolithic floor, providing a vertical drain of the sewage pipe.
However, it is often necessary to organize a shower ladder in multi-apartment buildings, where the thickness of the screed is usually not sufficient to equip such a structure. therefore owners are forced to raise the floor level in the bathroom, while ensuring its slope.
Identify with the ladder in advance!
When choosing a shower ladder you need to consider its height.
This will determine how much you need to raise the floor in the bathroom. In addition, the higher this device, the better its throughput. The best option is an adjustable ladder, which can be adjusted to any height of the screed. Also in building stores are sold special systems for the manufacture of the ladder for the shower. They are equipped with slats of different thickness, creating the necessary slope during installation.
Decide for yourself what is most important for you in the shower cabin and what options are secondary. Always consider things like radio, touch panels, speakerphone as pleasant, but not necessarily trifles.
To make a ladder yourself:
Check the location of the ladder taking into account that from it to the walls you could lay a multiple number of tiles, given the width of the seams between the tiles in 2 mm. This solution allows you not to cut the tile and keep the aesthetics of the ladder.
With the help of pipes, the ladder is connected to the sewer drain. The slope of the drain pipe must be at least 3 cm per running meter.
If it is necessary to heat the screed, then foam plates are used, the density of which is not less than 35 kg / m3, and the thickness - 5 cm. Plates are laid on the rough surface of the floor and adjusted to the dimensions of the ladder.
Then the foam is poured with a concrete screed, depending on the height of the ladder.
It is necessary to distribute the concrete so that it fills the entire space to the flange of the ladder. If you did not use the foam for the base, then you need to do everything the same, only on the rough floor.
A sealing gasket for the flange is made of a waterproofing roll of the Isoplast type. She must reserve it with a margin.
The upper part of the flange must be laid on the gasket and screwed with screws.
The surface of the screed is covered with a layer of sheet waterproofing. Before laying the material, a hole is cut in it, slightly exceeding the dimensions of the flange. The laid material should overlap the flange gasket and overlap the walls to the height of the next layer of screed.
Then, the interior of the ladder is fitted with a siphon.
For correct casting of concrete, directional plastic racks are placed on the surface. They must be beveled towards the ladder. The slope of the future floor is of the order of 10 mm per pouring meter. Such a slope will provide a drain of water to the ladder from any point in the shower room.
After that, the second layer of screed is poured. Its surface must be below the height of the siphon by the thickness of the ceramic tile with a layer of tile adhesive. Guide rails are left in the mortar layer as expansion joints. The surface is leveled and rubbed.
Shower drain in the floor is covered with a moisture-resistant ceramic tile. Laying starts from the ladder and leads to the wall. Thus, the aesthetics of the installation are achieved. If you have to cut the tile near the wall, it will not be so noticeable. In addition, if the gangway is square or rectangular, the tile is cut considerably easier than in the case of a round gangway.
Interlacing seams are wiped with a waterproof trowel matched to the color of the tile.
Places where the tile is adjacent to the body of the ladder, it is necessary to seal with silicone sealant.
On the body of the ladder install and fasten the protective grille. Correctly made shower ladder is able to visually increase the volume of the bathroom, make the adoption of the shower comfortable and give the room the originality.
Installing the ladder in the shower with your own hands - video
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