JOHN JAVONS - HOW TO GROW VEGETABLES BY HIS METHOD
John Jevons really developed a unique method of growing vegetables., and it “works” not on 1-2 plant species, but on all vegetable crops that grow in the farmer on 6 dozens of beds. At the same time, they almost do not require maintenance: there is no traditional weeding, use of fungicides and insecticides, and other operations that are considered mandatory in vegetable growing.
Let the bacteria work!
The essence of his method American vegetable grower described in the book "How to grow more vegetables than you can imagine, on the site less than you think". Let us try, based on this work, to briefly describe what Jevons invented and why he called his technology for producing high yields bio-intensive. First of all, we note that the method is based on the active work of aerobic and anaerobic (developing, respectively, in the presence and absence of air) of bacteria in the process of cultivation. The author was based on personal observations and personal experience, and also used data obtained by Japanese and Russian scientists in growing cucumbers using microorganisms.
For all crops without exception, the farmer received a significant increase in yield, the figures are shown in the table.
|Name of culture||Average yield, kg per hundred||Yield figures of J. Jevons, kg per hundred|
It is worth paying attention to the second column of the table: even these figures are not always achievable in our conditions. But it is quite common in the American climate that is warmer and more favorable for agriculture. But the farmer argues that such indicators can be achieved in colder regions. In any case, if the results are not obtained in absolute terms, the increase in yield at least 2 times compared with the usual charges in the area is guaranteed.
TIPS OF JAVONS
In principle, the American farmer does not break the traditional system of growing vegetables, he equally recognizes the seedling method and the direct sowing of seeds on the beds in the greenhouse or in the open ground. Jevons also confirms that plants should be planted at the times recommended for the particular area.
But some tips are somewhat different from the traditional recommendations. Thus, the width of the beds (1,2 m) and their preparation for planting or planting are of particular importance. The paths between the beds should be made not larger than 0,5 m. On the bed it is necessary to pour a layer of humus 5-7 cm thick, then dig it onto the spade bayonet and remove the excavated soil. After that, pour in a new portion of humus in the same quantity, dig again, and then cover it with a layer extracted for the first time.
As a result, ridges are raised that rise above the surface by about 15 cm. Planting seedlings and sowing seeds not along the beds, as we used to, but across these beds. All manipulations with plants are carried out from two sides: 60 cm with each of them is quite enough. Plants are staggered - then the distance from the stem to the stem and from the fossa to the fossa will be the same.
The wells are dug at a distance indicated in the table.
|Name of culture||The distance between adjacent holes, cm|
|Watermelon, pumpkin, tomato||46|
|Zucchini, cabbage, corn||38|
|Cucumber, sweet pepper||30|
|Onions, garlic, beetroot||10|
To the new height raises the author of the method of liming the soil, which, he believes, should be carried out annually. This leads to a change not only in the acidity of the soil, but also in its overall condition: it acquires looseness, which ensures unobstructed penetration of air and water to sufficiently large depths. In a sense, from spreading becomes an alternative to weeding, since the change in the habitual environment turns out to be destructive for many weeds, and they disappear.
Studying the possibilities of different methods of watering plants, Jevons found an interesting effect. He introduced a small amount of water under the roots of 15-20 to the depths, and it seemed to attract moisture from the depths of the earth, causing it to rise. This led to the conclusion about the advantages of root water, which allows economical use of it without harming the plants.
THE JAVONS METHOD: TAKING TO PRACTICE
Here are the recommendations given by the American farmer. First of all, in the fall, the whole garden should be hustled. Rains will abundantly moisten the soil, dissolve the lime, due to which additional cavities form in the ground. They will expand after freezing moisture in winter. And in the spring it will provide friability of the soil. At this time, aerobic microbes and worms are activated, which increase the effect of soil permeability to a depth of 1 m.
During the whole warm season it is necessary to prepare compost from any organic waste. Additionally, it can be processed microbial composition. It is prepared as follows: Dissolve 1 tsp in 1 liters of whey. sour cream, separately in 1 l water, dilute 1 Art. l honey, both compounds through 20-30 minutes to combine and add water to 10 L. To improve the activity of microbes, you can add 10 g Baker's yeast.
This liquid in a glass or plastic container must be infused for 2 weeks in a dark place. A working solution is prepared from this basic infusion (1 tbsp. On 10 l of water), which wets the beds before planting vegetables, treat the compost, and water the plants, but not more than 1 times in 10 days, because an excess of bacteria can damage them .
Considering that beneficial microorganisms die from mineral fertilizers, it is possible to apply top dressing only in the foliar variant - on the leaves. However, the dose recommended by manufacturers should be reduced in 3-4 times so as not to burn the aboveground part of the plants.
CULTIVATING VEGETABLES ON JOHN JOBONSON - VIDEO