LIFHAKHI FOR DACHI AND PEOPLE'S TIPS
INCOMING FOR TOMATOES
Many readers (especially those who live in regions with a changeable climate) write that they use such a well-known and simple technique as fruit ripening to get a quality crop of tomatoes. All right, they do. Here are just the simplicity of this technique - a relative thing.
After all, in fact, it is also necessary to be able to dole out, otherwise there may be losses. Personally, I have allocated a whole special room for this case, in which the temperature is kept at the same level - 25-26 °. And I keep the fruits in this incubator not scattered in a continuous layer on newspapers or in boxes, and in plastic food bowls of 6-8 volume. And in addition to each, in addition to the immature tomatoes I always put at least one ripe one: fully ripened fruits emit ethylene gas, which contributes to their ripening by the “comrades” that have not yet reached the condition.
By the way, at the same time I advise all summer residents to learn to distinguish the stages of tomato ripeness.
There are three of them. The first is when the fruits reach their intended sizes and signs of staining appear on them. They tolerate transportation well and ripen very quickly in a warm room. The second degree - when the fruit is completely painted in its color. It is from these tomatoes should be collected seeds. If they are well washed in cold water, dried and folded in paper bags, germination will be almost 100%. And, finally, the third degree of ripeness - the so-called consumer. Fruits fill with liquid (placenta) and have high palatability, but the seeds in them, especially after ripening, lose their germination to 70%.
The high quality of the fruits is also explained by the fact that all the bushes during the season are under my shelter from above and below (see photo).
© Author: Leonid V. PORHUNOV. with. Kuznetsov Fighter Primorsky Krai
CUCUMBERS IN “STOCKS”
I want to share with the readers some ideas. I hope someone will come in handy.
To drown on the carrot beds the very first weeds, which appear earlier than the shoots of their neighbors, I spray them once with a weak solution of kerosene from a normal garden sprayer. I do this in the morning, as soon as the dew subsides. The weeds dry up immediately, the carrots grow cheerful and fun, but I do not need to bend my back for its weeding. There is not the slightest harm from the use of kerosene: firstly, its concentration is very small, and secondly, by the time of ripening of root crops it will take so long that it will completely leave the earth.
And in order to save water (we have very bad conditions with it in SNT) and films (it is consumed in a large garden), I plant cucumbers in mini-greenhouses, where only four bushes are placed. What is the advantage? And the fact that I do not need to dismiss the length of the standard film sleeve. I cut only pieces of 1,5 m length from him and put these sleeve fragments, like stockings, on pegs, which I drive in the corners of the “dividing nights” with four cucumber bushes.
From below I press the film to the garden bed, and at the top of the sleeves I simply knot it. Moisture under such "stockings" is well preserved in the ground, and therefore watering can be done not abundant and not frequent.
And so that the film does not break through, I put plastic bottles on the pegs. And there are such mini-parnikki me until the fall.
Well, I advise dacha gourmets to make compote from red cherry. Delicious! Syrup for him must be prepared, as for any other "normal" compotes. And the banks, of course, must be sterilized.
I constantly encounter gardeners' complaints about winter garlic: it’s good for everyone, of course, except for one thing - it’s badly stored. And this disadvantage for many crosses all its advantages. Well, that's true. But I found a way to get rid of this problem.
First of all, I realized that I do not need to keep the excess at home - I leave as much as I need for food. And the rest of the heads cleaned in a hole dug in the garden. Its dimensions are 50 × 70, see. I lay the leaves on the bottom, then I line all of it inside with cardboard and put the garlic heads folded in the cardboard box.
All this I fall asleep with dry foliage, I put plywood on top, I cover the pit with earth and stick a stick so that in the spring I can immediately see where my “treasure” is hidden. When the earth thaws at the beginning of the season, I dig a hole and pull out fresh, dry and uncorrupted garlic from it (unless sometimes sprouts begin to break through on individual heads of heads, but this is nothing).
Such garlic can be eaten and planted if there was no time to make it in the fall. This is how I save my crop.
A couple of words now about cucumbers. Yes, seeds, of course, not always high-quality are sold. For example, last spring, she planted eight things in a greenhouse, and half of the plants that had come up did not bloom. I pulled them out and planted late varieties in that place, which were bearing fruit until October. From here she concluded: in May, only early varieties should be planted, and in June - late ones.
By the way, the seeds are always soaked, and after they are hiked, I immediately drop them into the holes spilled with hot water, which I lightly sprinkle, and immediately put arcs over the garden bed and stretch the film on them. And the day 3-4 do not look there. Seeds are warm and comfortable. And a week later sprouts appear.
© Author: TA Glushkova, Oryol
HOW TO MAKE RAKE CONVENIENT
Rake - an indispensable tool in the arsenal of any gardener. But today they are often on sale today of such a “high” quality that it’s not just working with them, but even in the hands it’s dangerous to bend, like cardboard ones. And if you step on them ...
But there is a way to improve their quality and functionality. For example, you can weld on the inner side of the corner on which the teeth are fastened, a metal bar with a diameter of 5-8 mm (photo 1). Yes, the weight of the tool will increase, but this will be compensated for by a significant increase in the rigidity of the rake’s structure, and they will honestly “plow” more than one year. Another nuance. On soft soils, when “combing” them when preparing the beds, the standard rake width sometimes becomes insufficient. And while working, you spend extra time going through the same section twice.
The exit is elementary: take another rake (better exactly the same), cut off the cutting arm, cut the remaining work surface in half, weld the halves end-to-end buttly on the right and left to your working rake (photo 2). After this, of course, it is necessary to strengthen the entire structure with the help of the technique already described above. A cut-off bracket can be used, for example, to make a hoe from good steel (photo 3).
By the way, a wide rake will provide a more even surface of the ground for planting.
© Author: Vadim SAFONOV
The cottage is good because it allows not only to study garden science, but also to experiment.
For example, quite by chance I found out that celery and parsley of the second year through the autumn can be transplanted into flower pots and brought them home by putting them on window sills. And then the fragrant greens will delight for a long time, despite the fact that the garden has already hibernated.
Another point associated with greens. I sow spinach only at the end of the season - in November. It hibernates beautifully and quickly grows in spring. And if you plant it at the beginning of the season, then for some reason he goes to the shooter.
And while working in the garden, strings of different length are constantly needed: either to tie up the tomatoes, then to grab the overgrown bushes, and you never know what else you need to “twist-twist” in the garden! And in order not to run constantly in search of such garters (and the need for them always appears unexpectedly and at the most inconvenient time), I attached a pipe to one of the walls and hung a large number of pre-cut ropes of different lengths on it.
© Author: M.N. BISHIROVA
It has long been going to put a new greenhouse, but it turned out that it was possible to order it only at the beginning of last season. So far, back and forth, they brought it only on May 7, right at the height of the garden works. And so immediately a sharp question arose: where to get the soil for this greenhouse? Everything is already planned out.
And then I remembered the method of warm beds. First I put empty plastic bottles and cans (to isolate the cold coming from the ground), put all sorts of rotten pieces, branches and sawdust brought on a wheelbarrow, then a layer of humus, which was sprinkled with microbiological fertilizer, and finally, all this was “polished” by thick. a layer of good garden land.
They planted tomato seedlings on the beds thus formed and tied it up with twine to the top rails of the greenhouse.
Soon the return frosts struck, but the plants survived, they did not freeze (the Bull's Heart variety especially pleased me in this sense).
My greenhouse, by the way, is in length 4 m, and in it I collected then 14 large buckets of beautiful tomatoes. Removed the fruit even in October. Conclusion: my plants quite liked the plants, although they are made in half of any litter. I wish all summer cottage workers to have great harvests, good health and good mood.
© Author: Lydia Istomina
PUSH BRUSH KIT: HOW TO GET RID?
I am amazed all the time: how many evil weeds are in the world! They are not otherwise given to us so that we do not relax. Therefore, there are a lot of letters in the magazine about how to get rid of this or that “guest”. For example, some people write about some incomprehensible and persistent ginger grass.
This weed in common is called "noose". Basically it appears near the raspberry, spreading sweat all over the garden. But where it comes from is incomprehensible. The grass first germinates, then sticks to the plant stalks or bushes, sucking the sap from them. Then on the "stranglehold" boxes are formed with seeds that crack when ripe and their contents fly around tens of meters. I have this herb entangled almost all greens, and especially at ease she feels on carrots and beets. But for some reason it does not get along with tomatoes.
I struggle with it in the following way: without waiting for the seed boxes to appear, I tear off its stems (if it does, I pull it out with the roots), put it in an old iron tank and burn it. I do this carefully, because even if a piece of the stem falls on the ground, it will surely germinate there. I follow the appearance and condition of the “stranglehold” constantly. Not that it was troublesome, but some time, of course, still takes away.
"Udavka" - the national name of the plant dodder parasite.
© Author: E. Tereshchenko
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