reader Reviews Recent Comments from Masters and Masters"Do it yourself" Article How to grow seedlings - when and how to plant, sow and seeds (Part 2)Уважаемая Валентина Ивановна! Растениям не хватает тепла, минералов и микроэлементов в почве. Поэтому я для томатов делаю почву с минимумом компоста и подкармливаю качественными удобрениями с микроэлементами и достатком фосфора, специально для томатов. Для огурцов - максимум компоста, хорошо, если снизу есть подушка из навоза (греть корни надо обязательно). Удобрять лучше не «химией», а навозной или компостной вытяжкой.Valentina Sergeevna, Balashikha Article How to grow seedlings - when and how to plant, sow and seeds (Part 2)Высадила рассаду помидоров и огурцов, все было нормально. А через неделю на листьях появилась желто-зеленая пестролистность. Такая картина уже второй год. В прошлом году проблема на помидорах как-то сама по себе рассосалась, а огурцы болели, да и год для них был холодный. Чего не хватает растениям?"Do it yourself" Article Mushrooms in the home: growing and groomingVirtually all types of fungi that grow in natural conditions, prefer a slightly alkaline soil. The most common types of morels - is morel conical, just grows in areas after fires and deforestation, plant residues and ash. Morel present grows more often in open areas on the floodplains of the rivers, in areas of natural growth of poplar, aspen or alder. What methods are used for artificial cultivation: pieces of mycelium are planted on ridge plantations, it is possible under apple trees. The surface of the soil is pierced and planted there mycelium. The positive effect of rotting apples on the growth of fungal mycelium was noted. Or the use of glucose, which is poured into small holes in small amounts; where plant mycelium. Sawdust, which are mentioned in the recommendation - not the best material to maintain moisture, because they acidify the soil. It is better to use rotted leaf litter. The sowing site on top can be covered with a layer of straw, or hay, which will limit the evaporation of moisture and at the same time will not prevent air exchange. Mycelium of the fungus grows slowly, gradually conquering space. Depending on the microclimate, fruiting may begin from the end of March to June.Olga Pavlovna, Podolsk Article Mushrooms in the home: growing and groomingBought morel mycelium. On which substrate should it be sown? And what kind of care is needed for the mushrooms to appear? The recommendation for planting says that we need ash, soil, sawdust (1: 6: 3). Soil-for indoor plants. I have a suspicion that you need to use the soil for indoor plants - it can also be different, and sour, and non-acidic ..."Do it yourself" Article Suspended pots with your own hands for flowersApparently, you liked the Kokedam - a Japanese invention, a simplified bonsai, when not trees, but indoor or garden plants are planted in a clay ball wrapped in moss (the term is translated as “moss hummock”). This art appeared relatively recently, but the fashion for it quickly spread throughout the world. European florists began to hang moss balls on the line, calling it "garden strings." Plants floating in the air really look unexpected and incredibly spectacular. To create a Kokedam, an acadam is needed - a special soil that is burnt clay pieces of a certain composition, it can be found in online stores. As well as sphagnum moss and just live green moss. From Akadam (in his absence, they take a mixture of clay and peat) roll the ball, cover it with sphagnum, which is attached with fishing lines and, after making a hole in the center, plant the plant and then wrap the ball with green moss. It is quite simple to make a Kokedam, it is more difficult to save it. First, a moss and a plant planted in a moss ball must have the same requirements for soil and air humidity. For example, cacti and other succulents are not suitable: they require light crumbly soil and low humidity. The best options are miniature moisture-loving ferns, orchids, ivy. In addition, the moss grows only at high humidity, does not like drafts and winds, so on the balconies it is better to keep the Cockeater not in limbo, but on a tray with moistened pebbles, and not in the open sun.Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article Suspended pots with your own hands for flowersRecently I saw a photograph of hanging plants, but not in pots, but directly in a dirty coma overgrown with moss. It looks very original. I wanted to do something similar on my balcony. Explain, please, how is this done? Lydia Polonskaya, St. PetersburgGuest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article How to make a drain and drain water from the bath with your own hands - photos, schemes and an example of construction of a septic tankI do not have a summer water pipeline or a well in my plot - I carry water from a common well, which is literally 5 meters from my gate. In the house there is a so-called garden wash basin consisting of a tank, a sink and an iron pedestal, in which there is a bucket where the dirty water flows. So, I'm tired of running and pouring it, I want to make a drain. But how best to build it? And where to divert dirty water? Economic and experienced gardeners, tell me!Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article Life hacking for summer cottage and summer resident - a collection of 112Last year, the harvest of tomatoes was excellent: I barely had time to collect ripe fruit. And they were all large, with good juicy color. And when she began to make blanks, she discovered that many had white and some kind of "wooden" flesh. It was impossible to say in appearance of these fruits that I shot them immature. On the contrary, she was even afraid that they would be overripe. Dear gardeners, tell me, please, what is the reason? And what should I do so that this does not happen again?Anatoly PETROV. Kursk Article Water on the site with their own hands a well or a well?Well or well? Last year, we purchased a summer cottage, trying to equip it to the best of our financial capabilities. Slowly repaired the house, last year built a toilet. Now the question has arisen: what is better - a well or a well? We come to the country only on weekends and holidays, as we work. And another question: how to organize the supply of water to the country house? Maybe someone will describe. Thanks in advance!Lyudmila NOVOZHILOVA Article How to deal with powdery mildew - control measures and expert adviceTo protect roses from powdery mildew in early June, I sprinkle the soil under ash bushes. If I see the first signs of the disease, in dry, windless weather I process the plants with a solution of copper sulfate (300 g for 10 l of water). With a strong defeat I use fungicides (Scor, Topaz) according to the instructions."Do it yourself" Article Breeding Californian worms and miners - popular advice- Just “sharing” the worms on the garden will not give a significant result, because it is not their presence that is important, but how effective they are. If the bed is rich in organic matter and root debris - the worms will actively feed and multiply. And if the bed is poor, then no matter how many worms you bring, there will be no more. Adults will die, and new ones will not appear. It’s another thing if you bring manure, sawdust, leaf litter, pine needles, rotten hemp, kitchen waste and other organic matter (1 bucket on 1 sq.m) into the soil along with the worms. In this case, the worms will quickly process all that you have made, and multiply. Your soil will turn into a loose fertile biohumus. But do not forget to feed your pets, from time to time adding different organic matter to the site.Ekaterina Titova, Smolensk Article Breeding Californian worms and miners - popular adviceSeveral times I saw a neighbor asking the grandchildren to dig up earthworms in the meadow, then bury them in the garden beds. Said, thus improves soil structure. Will it work? How many worms do you need to dig in? How often do this?"Do it yourself" Article How to water a kitchen garden in the heat?- The share of truth in the words of the grandmother is, however, this applies to greenhouses. When a drop of water lies on a piece of paper in the heat, the spore of the fungus can start growing inside it, and the longer the droplet does not dry out, the more likely the plant will become sick. But on the street the drops dry out instantly, but the plants and the earth around them are cooled. This is especially important for cold-resistant plants that suffer greatly in the heat. For example, cabbage at temperatures above + 30 hail, does not tie a head of cabbage, slows the growth of potatoes, all types of onions, garlic and greens, except basil. Do not water the leaves of tomatoes, peppers.Larisa Grek Article How to water a kitchen garden in the heat?Grandma always said that plants should not be watered on the leaves in the heat. And I recently read that cabbage and garlic, on the contrary, like a cooling shower in the midday heat. Is it so?"Do it yourself" Article Ash against pests and diseases, as well as for fertilizerAsh and ash-soap solutions, infusions and decoctions are universal nourishing, prophylactic and protective means. It is better to spray the plants with them in the evening in dry, windless weather. The method of cooking ash is described correctly. However, I recommend to start spraying the plants from the moment of emergence. A complex mineral fertilizer should be added to 2-3 times per season: 1) 2 weeks after the emergence of shoots; 2) in the budding phase; 3) when ripe.Hope ODINTSOVA, Kharkov Article Ash against pests and diseases, as well as for fertilizerTo make the vegetables tastier, more likely to ripen and not be afraid of aphids and caterpillars, starting in June, once in 2 weeks I spray them with ash extract. 300 of sifted ash poured 5 l of boiling water on it, kept 30 for medium minutes, insisting two days, filtering, bringing the volume of water to 10 l, adding 1 tsp. complex mineral fertilizer (nitroammofosk) and 40 ml of liquid soap."Do it yourself" Article Why are leaves curled on fruit trees and how to deal with it?- The source of aphids on the site often become ants, which feed on its sweet secretions. Noticed unwanted insects? Dissolve in 1 l of water over 50 g of cinnamon powder and sugar. Wait a couple of hours, then spray the anthill, ants and aphids. Usually, after such treatment, the aphid dies and the ants go away. Repeat spraying until you completely get rid of pests.Yegor Savin Article Why are leaves curled on fruit trees and how to deal with it?How to fight without "chemistry" with aphids and ants? Does powdering plants with cinnamon help?"Do it yourself" Article Greenhouse disinfection - as is CORRECT- Tobacco checker - an eco-friendly and effective way to get rid of aphids, squirrels, leafworms, whiteflies and spider mites. After fumigation, plants grow and develop better, more actively resist viruses and fungi. One checker is usually enough for a greenhouse with an area of 30 sq.m. In the evening, place it away from flammable objects (film, spunbond, plastic inventory), close all the vents and doors of the greenhouse, set fire to the wick and quickly leave the room. The checker will burn in about an hour and a half. In the morning, the construction will need to be thoroughly ventilated, and only after that you can enter. To make a smoke bomb at home, dissolve 250 of sodium nitrate in a 1 liter of water. Soak in a solution of the newspaper, dry them. Evenly distribute tobacco (cigarette cigarettes) to a sheet of thickness up to 5 mm over the sheets. Roll everything into a thick roll, put it on a metal tray and set it on fire.Galina Savich Article Greenhouse disinfection - as is CORRECTIn the greenhouse with cucumbers noticed spider webs. I'm afraid it might be a spider mite. In the garden shop they advised to buy a tobacco box, set it on fire and leave for the night. Will it help?"Do it yourself" Article Vaccination on the apple tree with wild boar“The photo clearly shows last year’s underdeveloped fruit with fruit rot fungus, which indicates the absence of protective measures to combat diseases in the spring-summer period of last year. For example, in Poland, when growing apple trees of these and other varieties, the Jonathan and Golden Delicious groups use fungicides during the growing season from 15 to 20. You left your trees for the summer without proper attention and did not remove the rotten fruit, which will become the main source of infection in the next year.Sergey Nosov Article Vaccination on the apple tree with wild boarI have already planted on El apple and Jonagold varieties on wild apple trees, but each year most of the ovary dries out and remains blackened on the branches (in the photo). What's happening?Alexander Alexandrovich KULINKOVICH Article How to water a gardenThe size and quality of the crop directly depends on competent watering of the plants. Some cultures have "thirst quenching" features. At the beginning of growth, pepper and eggplants are watered once a day in 3, spending approximately 1 1 of water on the 1 bush. During the fruiting period - more often, every other day, and the irrigation rate is increased to 1,5-2 l. Remember that with a lack of moisture in the pepper and eggplant buds fall, the ovaries, the leaves curl into a tube or fall off at all, the fruits become shallow and are affected by vertex rot. These plants are very thermophilic, do not tolerate cold and moist soil. Therefore, on cloudy and cool days, watering should be stopped. Garlic is poured once per 7-10 days (7-10 liters of water per 1 square meters.). 3 weeks before harvesting stop watering. Roots (carrots, beets, radishes, celery, radish) with a lack of moisture become coarse, tough. And with its excess - deformed, cracked, rot and poorly stored. Radish goes to the arrow, celery root begins to branch. Regular, at least once a week, and sufficient moisture is required for these cultures at the beginning of growth and formation of the root system, as well as during the formation of the root. Water consumption - L 20-30 per 1 square. However, during its intensive growth, watering should be rare and moderate. Advice How to figure out whether to water the plants or not? To do this, from the depth of 15-20, see the lump of earth and squeeze it into a fist. If it retains its shape, there is enough moisture, if it is scattered, additional watering is necessary, if water seeps, it means there is an excess of moisture, so the next watering is done at a large interval.Yanina Article Growing strawberries on agrofibre - my reviews and "technology"When the first berries are tied, garden strawberries need mulching with straw, grass, sawdust, cardboard. This protects the berries from contamination during rains, reduces the incidence of gray rot and powdery mildew. Thanks to the mulching nonwoven material, the berry remains clean, the earth does not dry out and does not crust. Such a shelter lets water and fertilizer. Under it the earth warms up well, and strawberry planting practically does not freeze. In addition, weeds do not pester, while it is easy to trim the whiskers. It is done this way. A covering material should be spread out on the dug-up area, fastened at the edges with wire pins, or with boards or bricks. Then you need to mark up on the site of planting seedlings and make cross-shaped incisions there. Then, dig holes under them and plant strawberry seedlings. Note Old leaves are usually cut or mown immediately after harvesting in areas of 2-3 of the year of fruiting. Planting after that is fed with mineral fertilizers and sprayed with anti-insect drugs."Do it yourself" Article Do I need to change the land in the beds, boxes. Crop rotationIf in the early spring a white bloom is observed on the soil surface, which penetrates to a depth of 2-3 cm, then it is saline. And it may not be a salt marsh at all. This result is often caused by watering with water with a salt concentration above 2,5 g / l. This indicator is established simply: it is necessary to weigh the metal container, pour 1 l of water into it and evaporate it. The difference between the initial and final weighing is exactly the amount of salts. Note Salted lands are unsuitable for growing most crops due to the fact that soil solution saturated with salts, especially sodium and magnesium, prevents nutrients from entering the plants. This procedure is necessary to make a decision on the "reanimation" of saline land. After all, this will require washing, and, of course, you cannot use saturated salt water for it. In this case, it remains to rely only on the imported liquid in the tank trucks. Wash the soil from the salt is best in late autumn. But first it is necessary to create at least the simplest drainage system consisting of grooves draining used water from the site. Before washing, the area must be divided into squares or rectangles with an area of no more than 20 square. m. Each one builds earth rollers with a height of 20-30, see. The resulting “baths” are filled to the brim with clean water and the soil is shoveled to dissolve more salts. Then divert water into the drainage channel. Perhaps such an operation will require repetition.Gleb Sergeevich Article Do I need to change the land in the beds, boxes. Crop rotationThe analysis showed that the land on the plot, inherited by my inheritance, is highly saline. Is it possible to bring it to a normal state?"Do it yourself" Article Vaccination (apple-on-pear on the pear) in the T-shaped incision - master classThe most favorable time for grafting plants cuttings - early spring. At this time (March-April) the trees begin to leave the resting stage. And with the onset of sap flow, the grafts take root well. Later (in April - early May), budding can be done - a kidney inoculation. And if the early spring grafting of cuttings for some reason fails, there will be time to carry out budding.Innokentiy Rostislavovich Volgorechensk Article Vaccination (apple-on-pear on the pear) in the T-shaped incision - master classWhen is the best time to plant an apple tree?"Do it yourself" Article Doing (rejuvenating pruning) with your own hands - tipsRemoving the tops of all shoots on grapes with 6-8 upper leaves is called chasing. At the same time over clusters leave at least 10-12 leaves. The operation is carried out with a pruner, sharp knife or sickle. It is carried out on regularly irrigated vineyards, on vigorous and late varieties, on rich soils and in rainy years. In non-irrigated conditions, the operation is necessary on vigorous plants, as well as varieties with weak maturation of the shoots. This is done in order to achieve the following goals: - to ripen shoots, then fruitful buds are better laid on them; - to improve the access of light to the clusters, which improves their quality: the size, juiciness increases, the appearance of the berries improves; - to enhance the ventilation of the bushes, which prevents the development of diseases. This operation is carried out at a time when the active growth of shoots and berries is suspended. Due to the fact that varieties grow and ripen in different ways, they are minted at different times. The exact term is determined by the condition of the vine. The best sign of the attenuation of the growth of the shoots, when it is necessary to engage in chasing, is the straightening of the tips of the shoots (with active growth they are bent). In Belarus and central Russia, this usually occurs from late July to mid-August. Later chasing does not give the desired results. Note Remember: do not mint young grape bushes and light-growing wine grapes in the hot and dry summer. Council It is impossible to mint shoots during their strong growth - this will lead to a rapid growth of the upper stepsons and will cause another thickening of the bushes, will worsen the maturation of the crop and the vine. Usually, wintering eyes in the axils of the leaves may also wake up ahead of time, which will deprive the crop next year.Konstantin Alekseevich KUNTSEVICH, Vitebsk region, Novopolotsk Article Doing (rejuvenating pruning) with your own hands - tipsHow are the grapes minted? What is the operation called chasing grapes? When is it better to spend it?"Do it yourself" Article Compost pit - what can and what can not?Older and sprouted potato tubers are undesirable for nutrition. But to throw them into the forest from all points of view is not good. 1 kg of tubers contains 0,7 g of calcium, 0,6 g of phosphorus, 40,7 mg of iron, a number of other trace elements, as well as proteins, vitamins and a number of amino acids. And all this is very necessary for vegetable plants. On the other hand, phytophthora and other diseases of solanaceous crops are transmitted through potato tubers. The optimal option is to chop the potato tubers and place them in an old barrel for isolated composting. Cover all this with weeds and leave until spring. After the winter freezing from pathogens, little will remain. Next year, this material can be laid in warm ridges under pumpkin cultures or they can grind berries.Natalya G. BOYAROVA, Smolensk region, Vyazma Article Compost pit - what can and what can not?Since last year, there are a lot of old potatoes. Animals in the country there, and throw the tubers in the forest do not want. Can I put them in a compost pile?"Do it yourself" Article How to improve the design of the greenhouse and greenhouse - my tipsIt is necessary to leave two vents open at both ends. A small draft will prevent condensation from forming. Yes, and slight fluctuations of plants will contribute to their pollination. But in August, upon the onset of cold nights, the “house” for plants should be closed. After all, the cold and damp air that has come in will contribute to the development of late blight in tomatoes and peronosporosis - in cucumbers.Sergey Rodionovich WHITE Article How to improve the design of the greenhouse and greenhouse - my tipsIs it always necessary to close the greenhouse at night? When I do this, in the morning I find a lot of condensation on the walls. On warm July nights you should not completely shut the greenhouse or greenhouse.Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article Effective way to get rid of wasps on grapes and fruit treesI want to share the method of protecting dessert grapes and pears from wasps. This is a difficult question, but last year I unexpectedly solved it with minimal cost. I took 2 kg of bitter wormwood (blue - not a Chernobyl moss!), Poured 6 l of water, insisted for 24 hours. Without taking out the wormwood, boiled for 30 minutes. Drain the resulting solution and add as much water to it. Sprinkled grapes over berries and leaves. It is necessary to spray, as soon as the berries begin to ripen, use the resulting solution on the same day. During the season I spent this spraying twice. After picking the berries, before eating, the wormwood is perfectly washed off. In the same solution, I have been processing apples and pears from the moth for several years.