reader Reviews Recent Comments from Masters and MastersSergey Pilipenko, Stavropol. Article We prepare inventory for the summer season - how to store the instrumentA wooden pallet was kept in the woodshed for a long time. Somehow I wanted to use it for firewood for the barbecue, but my friend advised me to leave it - it would come in handy. And so it happened, when it was necessary to carefully place the tools for cleaning the barn, the tray just turned out to be the way. With a thick grain of paper, lightly peeled the boards of the pan from burrs. The whole structure is soaked with antiseptic against rotting. The waterproof paint left over from the painting of the fence was stored in the pantry, covering the pallet in two layers. The ready stand was screwed to the wall beams with self-tapping screws. So that the inventory placed in the pallet does not fall into one place, he drew long nails between the boards of the upper row, thereby dividing the opening into cells. In each compartment placed the tools for cleaning.Matvey Ivanchenko Article We prepare inventory for the summer season - how to store the instrumentBefore the start of the summer season I decided to clean up the barn for household equipment. Looking through the different rubbish, I found the old rake. Looking at them, the idea to make a convenient holder for small tools matured in my head. Sandpaper, cleaned the rake from rust. At the base (where the cutting is strung), gently drill a hole d 5 mm. So that the holder does not rust in the future, varnish it on the metal from the can. The product is screwed with a screw to the door of the barn from the inside, so that you can quickly take everything you need. After restoring order on the teeth of the holder hung all the small tools for garden work.Andrey Bernatsky Article Jewelry box made of solid wood - photos and drawingsCaskets can be not only for lovely ladies, with patterns and paintings, but also such brutal ones that will become an original gift for your men! I sawed from the board blanks for the walls, the bottom and the lid. Sand the details. I assembled the box using PVA wood glue and screws. Glued thin transverse wooden crossbar. Cover installed on the hinges. Screw the fastener to the product. Primed with acrylic primer. Painted in green. Emery paper performed rubbing paint on aging. White acrylic paint painted symbols. Such caskets can also be used as a small gift box.Sergey Khomyakov Article "Chopping" with their own hands (photo)Shchekkokol own handsWhen firing the furnace without chips can not do. Harvesting them with an ax, even a small one, is inconvenient, and there is a risk of injury. To simplify the process and to protect yourself, I made a chip chip. From the d 16 mm armature, I welded two squares with a side of 30. I connected them with two racks of the same material with a length of 60. Below, the junction was reinforced with stiffening ribs. Just below the middle of the uprights, welded the crossbar. From a sheet metal 3 mm thick, cut a semicircular plate with a length equal to the length of the crossbar. The arc edge was sharpened on sandpaper. The finished part is a cutter, welded to the crossbar with the sharp part up. For harvesting the chips, I take a log and set it on the cutter, I tap a small sledge hammer on top. The log splits as needed. On such a construction it is also possible to prick small woods.Anatoly Matveychuk, Zavodoukovsk. Article How to open a frozen lockIce cleaning is not a hindrance. The sewer pit overflowed and froze. To put it in order, it was necessary to drill ice in the sewer. For this, he made a convenient device. In the pantry, I found a drill of the largest diameter. He welded a reinforcing bar to his shank with a length of 1000mm. The other end of the reinforcement was sharpened in a sandpaper in a triangular section so that the finished nozzle could be clamped in the drill chuck. Slightly fixed a safety ring (photo 2). I clamped a drill with an extended shank into a drill and carefully drilled an ice plug (photo 3). Half of the work was done. It remains to remove the ice completely. To do this, he took a watering hose, connected one end of it to a faucet in the bathroom (photo 4), and put the second one into the hole in the ice stopper (photo 5). Turned on the hot water - the ice melted in five minutes. When everything was ready, caused the vacuum pumps, and they cleaned the sewers unhindered. NoteIn this way, you can remove the ice plugs in the wells or cottage water supply.Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article Condensation on windows - how to get ridThree main factors affect the formation of condensate on the windows: - cold air outside: - high humidity in the room; - double glazing with poor thermal insulation. Also, the accumulation of condensate on the windows can be the result of improper installation of radiators (radiators). If they are located away from windows, completely get rid of the "window crying" will not work. The absence of exhaust or clogging, and consequently, poor ventilation of the room. How to fix 1 problem. The first thing you need to check the hood and if there is a blockage to clean the channels. If there is no hood, air the room regularly. 2. If there are pots with flowers on the windowsills, they should be removed, as the plants also emit moisture. 3. A fan heater installed on the windowsill or a heater placed near the window will help to dry the “tears” on the windows. By the way, here are some popular ways of dealing with condensate. Place a lighted thick decorative candle on the windowsill. At least once a week, wipe the glass with a rag dipped in vinegar. You can wipe the windows with a solution of medical glycerin and pure alcohol (proportion of 1: 20). This procedure should be performed once per 15 days.Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article Change crane axle with your own handsDo-it-yourself repair of the tap, WHEN IN THE BATHROOM OR IN THE KITCHEN, BEGINS TO FLOW AND REMOVE WATER FROM THE CLOSED TUBE, AND THE SOUND FILLS THE WHOLE APARTMENT, THEN THE MOOD DISAPPEARS INSTANTLY. RETURN IT FULLY REALLY, CORRECTING YOUR OWN HANDS. REPLACING THE GASKET HELPS NOT ALWAYS, BECAUSE THE PROBLEM IS FIRST IN TOTAL IN THE CROSS BOOK *. 1. These parts are different, so it's best to take a picture of your faucet and show the pictures to the seller of plumbing parts. Having bought the necessary cock-axle boxes, at home she blocked the risers with hot and cold water. 2. With a screwdriver (knife can) removed the plastic colored cap (photo 1). Remove the screw in the crankcase (photo 2) Removed the flywheel. 3. Using an adjustable wrench (pliers), turned the crankcase box counterclockwise (photo 3) 4. Then she got a crane and put a new one (photo 4). Assembled crane in reverse order. If a part is covered with water from lime and it could not be unscrewed, then special chemicals will be needed to dissolve the oxide.Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article The lamp from the burnt out LED lamp with your own handsI noticed that in the light of a chandelier or a table lamp it is inconvenient to watch TV - my eyes get tired. No lighting is even worse. Thought how to solve the problem. It was possible to install a glow controller, but this is expensive and troublesome, so I made a couple of simple dimmers. I prepared the detail drawings (see fig. 1, 2). Since I have a chandelier on one bulb with a canopy, it needs a tee-plate (Fig. 1). The side “petals” are the clips, and the central part is the light absorber (photo 1,2) I chose a three-petal lining option (Fig. 2) for the luminaire so that the side glow could be adjusted (photo 3, 4). I cut the top and bottom of a tin can from a canned food, then sawed the cylinder along, leveled the workpiece. It turned out a rectangular piece of tin. On it, with a caliper, mark the circles and connect them with lines using the tip of a knife. The kitchen scissors cut out the details. Fulfilled the necessary bends. Lining ready. Anatoly Matveychuk.Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article The lamp from the burnt out LED lamp with your own handsLamp "Disco" with their own hands I put things in order in the pantry and found an old wall sconce, from which only a metal base, wires and a cartridge remained (photo 1). I didn’t throw out the thing, I restored it and now I’m using it as a night light. I couldn’t find a suitable plafond, so I decided to use two CDs instead. In the blanks in the center cut holes for the diameter of the cartridge, additionally made of plywood plate for mounting to the wall and a ring of aluminum pipe (photo 2) Disks connected together with a metal ring and decorated the bottom row with pendants attached to chains from an old handbag. The finished part was fixed with a nut (it was on the lamp). In the place where the lamp will border the wall, I fixed the CD-disk and the fixing bar (photo 3). The metal case was polished with GOI paste and coated with spray paint. To the wires coming from the cartridge I connected the cord with the plug and the switch. Screw the energy-saving light bulb - the night light is ready.Alena Krasko Article Plaid of shreds with their own hands - master class and photoA mug in the rags with their own handsFor a time of fascination with patchwork, I had accumulated a lot of scraps of fabric. Sewn from them a bright case and a cup stand in your favorite technique. It took: colored trimming of a fabric synthetic winterizer cotton fabric 7x25 cm gum 2 buttons 120-130 cm oblique inlay. 1. I drew a diagram of the cover and stand, taking into account the size of the cup (I have it 25x9 cm) (see the diagram). Picked up the right fabric colors. 2. I assembled the heart block (see diagram). For this, strips of red cloth with the size of 3x1 cm are sewn with similar white. Received 4 stripes. Smoothed. Then the detail of white color 3x1 cm connected with color and red. Ironed 3 is the same block. Next, red blanks 3x3 cm sewn with a block of 3-x bands. Similarly performed with white 3x3, see. Interconnected them, forming a block 6x6, see. Attached white strips, starting with size 6x1 cm, and then 7x 1, see Received part 7XXNNXX cm (see the 7 cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm). 0,7. For the formation of the canvas connected colored trim 3x2 cm among themselves in strips of 2. Smoothed iron. Then assembled the parts according to the 3 scheme. Ironed and sewn with padding and cotton fabric lining. Quilted. 4. Slices processed oblique bake. 5. Sewed two buttons (so as not to interfere with the handle of the mug) and two elastic bands in the form of loops. 6. The scheme sewed a stand under the cup. Edge treated with a bake (see photo)Irina Malysheva, Ozersk Article Wooden clock with own hands - photos and drawingsWatch "Domino" do-it-yourselfIn the store I bought a bamboo stand for the hot and a mechanism for a wall clock. The husband drilled a hole in the center of the bamboo base. Established a mechanism in it. On the circumference of the stand glued the appropriate knuckles of dominoes. An hour of work - and everything is ready!Galnar Article Addition to the winter garden house - options and constructionsKeremet. Maғan yes wasps ұzhymyny Khabarlasқan kүtem. Қysқy bakalғym keledі. Қstosty ayly.Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article DIY Organizer for Threads (Step by Step)Pocket for combs with your handsBefore throwing away old jeans, ripped off the back pockets. Of them turned out to be a convenient organizer for combs and trifles. From cotton fabric with polka dots I cut out two rectangles of the right size (in my case, taking into account the size of the hanger). Stitched to one of them on the front side of the pocket 4 jeans. She folded the details of the base inside out and stitched along three sides without stitching along the upper cut. I turned the blank through it. I carved out the 6 rectangles about 10x5, see. I folded it in pairs with the front sides inwards and sewed the genuine sides. Wrenched. Received 3 blanks for suspensions. I stuck each one for one short edge to the back of the organizer base, bending it slightly inward. Inserted into the base itself as a substrate dense oilcloth by the size of a rectangle (it is possible to use a synthetic winterizer or cardboard) so that the product does not sag. She bent the upper unwired edge inward, fixed it with tailors' pins. I hung the hangers into the hanger-hanger, and then inserted them into the upper edge of the base pocket and stitched them, aligning the planed sections. It turned out a pocket for combs or other small things that can be hung in a closet or on a wall. I located my in the hallway under the mirror. Very convenient! Elena Zueva, Kargopol, Arkhangelsk region.Valery Zubritsky, Master Finisher Article Dry building mixtures: what is better, composition and applicationWhere and how to store dry mixes in the apartment? Depending on the complexity and volume of repair work, their terms may be stretched for a rather indefinite time. Often there is the problem of warehousing materials. Dry construction mixtures are finely dispersed powder, very similar in texture to the flour, the particles of which are able to penetrate even through microdamages invisible to the eye on the packaging. Therefore, storing them in an apartment is a health hazard! Dust and dirt entering the lungs, odors from materials in a confined space that does not have adequate ventilation are very harmful. Even high-quality packaging can not guarantee complete absence of contact with harmful particles, but only reduce the likelihood of air pollution. Important! Dry mixes do not tolerate high humidity, dampness, frost, or unbearable heat, losing their properties! Some of the most popular places for storing such materials are balconies or loggias. However, here the quality of building materials may suffer, because the temperature and humidity drops do not correspond to the storage conditions, which are indicated in the instructions on each package. As an additional protection, I recommend wrapping the bags with mixtures with plastic wrap and, if possible, storing them in places where contact with them will be minimal, for example, in the storage room. Considering that repair is a consistent process, I recommend buying and store building materials only in the amount needed for a specific stage of work. Remember that each mortar has a shelf life (on average six months), after which it loses its quality and you will not be able to make a good repair!Alina Avdeeva Article Mosaic of broken ceramic tiles with your own hands - how to make and how to packI got an apartment in a new building without finishing and repair efforts began. I have long wanted to try polyurethane molds for making bricks and stone from plaster - the most suitable time has come. While I was looking for where to buy forms, I found an advertisement for the sale of tiled mosaic remains and tiles from different collections for just a penny. I phoned and bought it too. Now it was necessary to put everything together. Here's how it happened to me. Initially, for the first time, she plastered the walls with wallpaper. I left them on the back wall and on the top half of the side, and removed the bottom part. Primed open areas. For the manufacture of stone mixed in a bucket construction gypsum with water to the consistency of thick cream. Filled in the form. With a wide spatula, I removed the excess (photo 1) After 15-20 minutes, the hardened stone was carefully pulled out of the cells and laid out to dry. Made the right amount of bricks. Left to dry for two days (photo 2) Sheets of mosaic tiles distributed by color and calculated the required number of squares, taking into account the picture, cut into the necessary details. Laying the stone started from the bottom up on the tile adhesive. Gently put the composition onto the back side with a spatula, made grooves with a notched trowel and pressed it against the wall. Bottom left a gap for the floor of the tile, putting a stone under the first row of gypsum stone. The second row (and further - through one) starts from half a brick. To do this, cut it in half with a hacksaw. The third row laid out similarly to the first and further to the desired height. Tiled glue applied to the wall with a straight spatula, then performed notched grooves. Laid out on the wall mosaic. Top hid the joint with the wallpaper, gluing ceramic curb. Similarly, designed the opposite wall. It remains to apply fugu to the mosaic. As a result, the lining of the bathroom cost me $ 15. without taking into account the purchase of the form (it is separately 15 cu), and on it I have ambitious plans for the design of the corridor, hallway and portal of the fireplace.Yuri Smirnov, Moscow. Article Repair of dishes - riveting with their own hands + making rivetsA new pen for the old cover with my own hands. Once, when I returned from work, my wife complained that the handle had broken on the pan cover and had to be replaced with something. Without hesitation, I armed myself with an instrument and removed the problem. In the pantry, I found a small beech rail with a section of 80x13 mm. In this plate, a drill with a nozzle crown cut two round billets d 25 and 30 mm (photo 1) Billet strung on a long screw and squeezed a thumb nut. I fixed the free end of the screw in the screwdriver's chuck and on the sandpaper bar to give the blanks a smooth neat shape (photo 2) The finished parts of the handle were glued with Pocipol, and the top was plugged with a wooden insert. The product is coated with varnish (photo 3). The finished handle was fixed on the lid with epoxy two-component glue. Repair is over.Svetlana Rabizo Article Decor and renovation of furniture with their own hands - the use of varnish and stainBored with the kitchen furniture was still in excellent condition and buying a new one did not see the point. She decided to radically change her appearance. The facades were carefully removed from the hinges and unscrewed the handles. Degreased the details. Sanding each paper with fine abrasivity with sandpaper. Dust removed with a damp cloth. Primed with acrylic primer. Painted in light green color. Dried out. The liked image of flowers printed on several sheets in the required size. Transferred the drawing to the facades. Painted it with acrylic paints. Dried out. Covered with two layers of varnish with intermediate drying.Vladimir Korolev, Kirovsk, Lugansk region Article Shelving for the cloakroom - photo and drawingRack for a loggia with their own hands Many on their loggias build wardrobes or mount something similar from a chipboard. But this pleasure is not cheap. To empty the empty space, he made a budget rack of polypropylene pipes. In the construction market metric bought pipes and connectors in the form of tees and corners. From boards with a section 120x20 mm, five shelves were glued to the PVA with a length equal to the width of the loggia and a width of 60 cm (three boards). Pipe cut into the desired size. In each shelf, departing from the leading edge of the 3 cm, drilled two holes along the pipe diameter. Using screws and connectors, assembled a rack, fixed it to the floor and wall.Evgeny Murashko, Chernigov. Article Landscaping balconies and loggias with your own hands from A to Z (plants and care for them on the balcony)A green zone on the balcony with your own hands. I thought for a long time how to decorate my small balcony and manage the free space with benefit. When a neighbor offered several pallets, they say, they will come in handy at the dacha, he immediately thought of where they could be attached. He cleaned the pallets, first with a large and then fine sandpaper. All surfaces of each soaked with antiseptic and covered with a double layer of varnish on wood, fastened furniture legs. After the coating dried, placed the pallets on the balcony in the form of the letter "G". In the pantry kept soft back and seat from the old sofa. Sewed for them from a dense fabric new covers and laid out on a wooden base. The result was a comfortable sofa, sitting on which you can admire the view from the window and have a cup of tea or coffee. Made a small table from a wooden box. He removed several strips, cleaned all the surfaces with sandpaper, covered with stain, varnish, and fastened four furniture castors from below. The floor on the balcony was covered with green carpet.Lyudmila Matsegorova, Armavir, Krasnodar Territory. Article Beautiful casket with your own hands made of wood - photos and drawingsVintage box with your own hands. It was needed: preparation of a casket from MDF; printout of a picture; acrylic paints; acrylic varnish; PVA glue; polymeric glue; construction putty; and wood filigree stencil of a bead chain. 1. Removed from the purchase of the workpiece hinges and lock. Covered product varnish Tsapon. Put on the sides and bottom of the casket putty through the stencil (you can cut yourself from a plastic folder-corner). Dryed, sanded and varnished (photo 1). 2. Painted the entire box with acrylic paint, except for the top of the lid. Has dried, has put a varnish coat. 3. She covered small areas of the box with dark paint and, without letting it dry out, wiped it with a cloth, creating rubbing (photo 2). Applied a layer of varnish. dried up 4. Through a stencil on the sides of the casket applied wenge-colored putty (photo 3) After drying, sanded and varnished. 5. On the resulting three-dimensional drawing gently applied a metallic paste to the finger. A day later polished with a woolen cloth. 6. On the cover glued a printout of the pattern with white glue. Dried and coated 3-4 with varnish layers with intermediate drying. 7. Fixed at the corners of the lower part of the filigree and bordered the product with chains-beads using polymer glue. Covered 3-4 with varnish. 8. Screwed the legs, hinges and clasps (photo 4) The inner part is decorated with velvet,"Do it yourself" Article Gift wrapping with your own handsDo-it-yourself gift wrapping. SELECTING A GIFT, FIRST, WE CONSIDERING ITS CONTENT. HOWEVER, IMPORTANT AND EXTERNAL DECORATION: THERE IS A WRAPPING FIRST EXPERIENCE. 1. Rectangular blank 40x60 cm, cut from the wrapping paper, glue on the short sides, 2. Put the cylinder on the table, placing the joint in the center. Step back about 10 cm from the edge and fold it up perpendicular to the table (photo 1). 3. Then we stretch in different directions, holding the opposite ends of the oval hole, form the bottom (see photo 2). 4. We fold the upper and lower triangles to the center (see photo 3) and fix with glue-pencil. 5. Straighten the workpiece. form a square bottom. To do this, squeeze the paper along the supposed edges with your fingers (photo 4). 6. We interfere with the gift inside. We begin to fold the upper cut with the 2-2,5 accordion up to the stop. 7. In the center of the gift we tie up with decorative braid (photo 5). We spread the accordion and glue the extreme blades together. We decorate with a decorative flower mimosa to your taste. Svetlana RabizoGuest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article Postcards in the ror-up technique - what it is and how to do itA card with a secret with their own hands. A usual card is not to surprise anyone. Therefore, I had an idea to make with the children on the eve of the holiday D-card with flowers. It is easy to perform, and it looks unusual and interesting. This greeting will be remembered for a long time! You will need: a sheet of colored cardboard (the base of the postcard) double-sided colored paper (for flowers) glue-pencil scissors pencil and felt-tip pens. 1. From a rectangular sheet of colored paper, cut a square along the length of the short side. First fold it in half, then at an angle, and then twice with a triangle (see diagram on page 17) 2. We draw a petal from the lower corner (see diagram), cut out and reveal (1 photo) 3. One petal of a flower is cut off (photo 2). Similarly prepare 7 blanks. 4. Felt-tip pens draw small strokes from the middle and along the edges of the petals (3 photo) 5. We glue one extreme petal with the second, putting them on each other. Similarly, perform all the workpiece (photo 4) 6. We take three flowers. Each bend in half face down. On one of them we mark two petals with crosses - gluing places (5 photo) 7. On top of the blank we glue another flower by three marks (6 photo) 8. Further, similarly, from above, fix with glue, first two blanks, and then another. 9. Paste the green leaves (photo 7). We glue the back side of the part with glue and apply it with its center in the middle of the bend of the rectangular cardboard base (photo 8). We close the card, we press, so that the bouquet is stuck on both sides. Flowers open up. like real (photo 9) '. It's time to congratulate your beloved Moms, sisters and grandmothers! Alexandra Kalashnikova"Do it yourself" Article QUALITATIVE fence from the mesh of Rabinets own hands (photo)A "geometric" fence with their own hands. A friend at the site saw a small fence separating the yard area and the garden. From the beginning of spring to late autumn, twisted plants twined it around and looked very beautiful. I decided to install something similar in my country house. I drew an approximate sketch (see fig.) Of the fence. I used pine stakes as a material (it can be a bar of small section). which I got from a neighbor who had changed the fence at one time. On the plot I made a markup for the future fencing. At a certain distance, he drove small pegs into the ground and pulled a line between them. I decided on the place of installation of the posts and dug holes for them with a depth of 80, see. According to the sketch, the height of the fence, 120, see, and its length, 8. Prepared five columns, with a length of 200. Finished racks placed in the holes at a distance 200 cm from each other (see fig.) The columns above and below connected the bars with each other by crossbars. The base is ready. Stakes for picket fence cleared of bark, with an electric planer on each plane a plane (to make it easier to attach to the base) and treated with an antiseptic. Armed with a screwdriver and long screws and proceeded to the installation. Shtaketina fastened to the crossbar at an angle 45 hail. First, he fixed one row with a slant of the crossbars in one direction, and then, on top of it, in the other. The finished fence covered with matte varnish.Nikolai Fedorovich MARCHENKOV, Penza Region, Nizhny Lomov Article Cone for drilling a well with your own handsIf the well is blocked I want to share with readers the experience of cleaning the well at the dacha. It is not easy to do this, but a good owner can do it. To start, the well must be cleaned from sand, silt and other impurities with a special cylinder-shaped device. It falls on a rope, the length of which, together with the cleaning cylinder itself, must be equal to the depth of the well (you need to know it or measure it with a string with a load). The shell is stopped at a height of 40 cm from the bottom level and dramatically lowered down. Water hammer leads to the opening of the valve, which allows bottom sediments and dirty water to flow into the cylinder below. To fill the yolk, it is necessary to perform such an action 4-5 once, after which it is slowly lifted to the surface and thoroughly cleaned. Depending on its pollution, it will take several times to lower the cylinder into the well, until there is clean water in the sink. But this cleaning may not be enough if the filter is clogged. To punch it, I used a tool for sewer pipes based on hydrochloric acid. I poured 3 into the well and then lowered soda (I needed a glass of it) wrapped in portions in small toilet paper bags. The well pipe was hermetically hammered with a wooden stopper and left for 5 days. When the time came, he began to pump water, and 2 hours of continuous work sent it to a specially dug pit outside the kitchen garden so that the acid residues did not cause harm. And only after this water can be used for watering plants.Pavel Ivanovich Article Treatment of trees in spring - cracks, frosts and hollowsFill up cracks In winter, with a sharp decrease in temperature, cracks are formed on the trunks. Narrow and shallow grow quickly, and deep - overgrow for a long time. Water falls into them, against this background fungal diseases occur. I will offer some tips to help deal with this problem. To some extent, the overgrowing of cracks contributes to the spring application of the subtree of nitrogen fertilizers. Before that, the cracks are smeared with garden pitch, then with clay and mullein and wrapped with sacking. Large cuts and cracks left for a long time can heal. But at these places hollows are often formed, which shorten the period of tree life and are a breeding ground for diseases. The hollow should be cleared with a knife to healthy wood, disinfected with 5% solution of iron or copper sulphate. You can also burn it to destroy pathogens of fungal diseases, and then cemented. Cement taken in a mixture with sand, gravel, brick chips. The hardened seal is covered with oil paint to match the color of the bark. If the hole is large, you need to take more elastic materials or fill only the walls of the hollow with cement, leaving the middle empty so that the trunk does not break during a strong wind.Maria Stepanovna RABKEVICH, Brest region, Kamenets Article Sphagnum and feeding seedlings with sugar - reviews about the experimentSeedlings require nutrition, like adult plants. I feed young tomatoes through 10 days after germination. I use complex fertilizers "Fertika Lux" or "Mortar" -1 tsp. on xnumx l water. Feed after watering every 5-5 days. Before the advent of 7, these leaflets give 3 tsp. liquid top dressing on a plant. With the appearance of 2 leaves - half a cup. Once every two weeks I water the tomatoes with an infusion of ash (6 st. L. On 1 l of boiling water, stand for 1 hours, drain). I spend extra root-dressing of seedlings every 10 days: 15 tsp. superphosphate pour boiling water 1 l, insist day, stirring regularly, filter and spray the seedlings. If it grows slowly, has pale leaves, bring the seedlings to life with this solution: 1 Art. l urea on 1 l of water, half a glass per plant. Or I use tea infusion tea infusion (10 pour a glass of raw material with 1 l of hot water, insist 3 days, filter and water). And if the tomato seedlings stretched out, stop watering for 5-5 days, and then feed them with a solution of superphosphate (7 st. Liter for 2 liter of water). g of ammonium nitrate, 10 g of superphosphate, 1 g of potash fertilizers. I spend the second dressing through 2 weeks with the same solution, but I increase the dose of each fertilizer by 1 times. I spend the last top dressing before planting in the ground, increasing the amount of potash fertilizer to 0,5 g by 3 l of water.Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" Article Weaving from the Vine: Types and Methods of Weaving for Beginnersphoto wouldVasily MESHCHERSKY, Tula region Article Growing seedlings at home is my technology (very COMFORTABLE)Capacities with seedlings are usually placed on the windowsill. And if the window sill is too narrow? Then make a simple removable device for growing seedlings with your own hands. Make an 2 bracket from flat steel. Secure them with one end on the half of the frame without a latch, and the other end with a thrust bearing against the window sill. Place the box on the brackets by tilting it at an angle to the light. You can even place 2 of such a box - one above the other - by fixing both ends of the bracket with screws.I.P. GAVRYLYUK Article Feeding trough for poultry own handsFeeding trough from the bottle I make bird feeders from 5-liter water tanks. Food will not get wet in them, it will not blow away, birds see food well through plastic walls. And still such feeding trough reliably fastens and does not dangle on wind, easily acts and installed. To do this, it is enough to fasten the container lid vertically on a tree trunk, house wall or window frame. I place the container horizontally, using the 2 knife to make vertical incisions 4-5 cm long and one more section below with a XNUMX knife. The cut part, which will serve as an entrance, bend down, cut off this visor by half, so that it does not close when there is snow. The bottom edge of the entrance is melted with a cigarette lighter, heated by a nail !. Screw the lid, fasten the feeder with a nail-fixer or a screw to the support. I pour food - bread crumbs, cereals, sunflower seeds.Sergey MYACHNEV, Kirov region Article How to protect water pipes from freezing (warming and electric heating)Our suburban plumbing needed to warm, and we did it ourselves. Since it was held from us from the well, we first warmed it. This was done at the construction stage. We dug a trench around 2 m deep around the well, then laid insulation along the walls. Used for this polystyrene. Firstly, it has antibacterial properties, secondly, it does not deform, and thirdly, it can be easily removed after cleaning the well. Polystyrene sheets were fastened with connecting elements. After laying the insulation, the trench was buried, and the well was closed with an airtight insulating lid. We also insulated pipes from the well to the house. To do this, they dug a trench with a depth of 1,5 m. Rubble was poured at the bottom, reinforcements were laid and concreted. Then on the sides of the trench laid out a brick, putting it on the edge. We had a kind of tunnel, in which we placed plastic water pipes, wrapped with basalt wool. This material is simple to use, provides a tight connection to the pipe, and is also covered with roofing material on the top. Material is fixed with wire and clamps. Having laid the pipes, on top of the brick, we f installed concrete slabs of the appropriate sizes. The joints between them cemented. Then they buried the trench. In the house, water pipes were also wrapped with basalt wool. Despite severe frosts, the pipes do not freeze through in winter, and the water enters the house without problems.Oleg PAVLOV, Tula region Article How to properly burn the stove with firewoodIn the cold without a stove in the country can not be. And without good firewood - too! It is important that they are dry. Therefore, it is better to buy firewood sawn in winter, when there is no sap flow in the trees. I usually have not very much coniferous firewood, as I use them only for heating the sauna. In my opinion, for the house it is not the best option, since they have low heat emission and quickly burn out. For home heating, I buy hardwood trees, but not linden and not poplar. Such firewood gives little heat. But the alder will do. A woodpile of alder wood looks decorative, because on the cut they have a beautiful rich color. Alder firewood does not require additional drying, they will reach the condition of residual moisture themselves. But you need to use trees that grew on high ground and far from water. Alder has good heat transfer, this tree perfectly removes soot from the chimney, like aspen. Some of the best wood is oak, but they are expensive. In order to save, I buy only a few such wood. I add a couple of oak logs to one main firebox for the main firewood. Most of all I collect birch firewood. They are relatively affordable, have good heat dissipation. The tar contained in them allows you to quickly melt the furnace, and the logs are burning for a long time."Do it yourself" Article How to update the soil in a greenhouseAmong gardeners and farmers there is no consensus regarding the change of soil in the greenhouse. In general, if annually to introduce organic matter, mineral fertilizers, to carry out work on the disinfection of the soil and the structure itself, you can get good yields. But, on the other hand, in greenhouses, as a rule, a limited number of plant species are grown, which gradually take up trace elements from the soil, and it is impossible to fully fill them with fertilizer. Besides, the soil in the greenhouse does not have a washing regime, as under " open "sky, and over time it accumulates various salts (soil salinization) depending on the quality of water used for irrigation, which does not always have a beneficial effect on plants. The same applies to pesticides, which are used to control weeds, pathogens of various diseases and pests. The decay products of these substances after a while can manifest themselves with not quite the positive side. So a more reasonable solution is to change the ground 1 once every 4-5 years.Zinaida KULKOVA, Smolensk Article How to update the soil in a greenhouseDo I change the soil in the greenhouse? 4 a year ago we put a greenhouse on the plot. Since then, we have been fertilizing the land there every year, and we disinfect the greenhouse in autumn. But the soil itself has never been changed there. Tell me, how important is this procedure? Is it possible to do without it? It takes a lot of her strength.Ksenia MALTSEVA, Kaluga Article Basket-flower bed with own hands (photo and master class)Mobile beds Dacha we have - all 4 weave, which are crowded house, garden and garden. There is no place for a flower bed, but I always really wanted my dacha to be buried in flowers. What to do? I was helped by the advice of a friend-designer. She suggested that flower beds can be mobile! In fact, flowers can be grown in buckets, in barrels, in basins, in baskets, and even in carts. All this I decided to use. Planted flowers in all unnecessary capacity. The most unsightly - painted. And the plot has changed! If a container with large holes, cover it with a film. Metal containers are painted with light paint so that they are less heated by the sun. Add hydrogel to the soil mix for mobile flower beds - it retains moisture well, and in tanks it evaporates quickly. Choose drought-resistant plants: zinnia, chrysanthemum, tobacco, marigold. Also suitable are flowers that are not afraid of thickening - violet, fuchsia, pelargonium. For pots are suitable ampelous - nasturtium, petunia, begonia. When planting in one vessel of several types, place the tallest in the center, and undersized ones at the edges.Family of Shchukin, Lipetsk Article How to grow your seedlings (accelerated way)Inoculate saplings in winter Saplings can be planted not only in spring, but also in winter. Before the frosts we dig up stock in the garden. Cut the roots on 1 / 3 and trunks up to 10 cm, put them in the cellar and sprinkle them with wet sand. The cut on the trunk is treated with potassium permanganate. With the arrival of frosts, we cut the cuttings with 2-3 by kidneys (the upper cut is 1 cm above the kidney) for inoculation and store them also in the cellar in the sand. In winter, we bring stock into the house and put them on 2-3 days in wet sawdust. Keep the cuttings warm (preferably in a container with water) 1 day. Then at the ends of the cuttings and on the stock we make slanting cuts and split them to a depth of 3, see. It turns out something like reeds. Sections of the stock and the scion are joined, clinging the tongues, and wrapped with "threads" of natural bast. The seedlings are laid at an angle in the drawers and filled with damp sawdust. We leave the house at 2-3 for a week, and then we take it to the cellar. In the spring we plant seedlings in the garden. Tying off in a month.