Recent Comments from Masters and Masters

  • DIY on Ringing chickens - how to mark a bird with your own hands + debouncing and other tipsChickens pecking each other's feathers is nothing more than a manifestation of cannibalism. If measures are not taken to eliminate the cause, the pathology may move to a new stage: chickens will begin to eat eggs and peck each other until they bleed. The main reason lies in the birds’ poor nutrition and crowded housing. She lacks mineral salts in her body. A bird's feather is a keratinized growth on the body. It contains a large amount of B vitamins, nicotinic and pantothenic acids. If chickens start plucking feathers from each other, first of all, replenish their body with B vitamins. They are found in peas, alfalfa, and corn; meat and bone, feather and fish meal; fresh herbs, sunflower cake, bran, yeast; fermented milk products, milk, skim milk. At the same time, remove the most active individuals and affected birds from the main stock. Otherwise, the pecking will continue.
  • Maria Kozlova, Bryansk on Ringing chickens - how to mark a bird with your own hands + debouncing and other tipsWhy do chickens pluck each other's feathers in winter? I thought that there were parasites, I treated them, but it didn’t help. What is the reason for this behavior? What measures need to be taken?
  • Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" on Do-it-yourself wooden tray "Good morning"Many people go on vacation to the sea in the summer and bring various items as souvenirs: shells, pebbles, which later often end up hidden and forgotten in a closet or some far corner. And if you take an ordinary wooden tray, tile adhesive, fine sandpaper and glue the pebbles to the tray, then this homemade product, convenient for serving, will constantly remind you of your summer vacation. Lightly sanding the bottom of the tray will provide an excellent surface for gluing the pebbles. Apply an even layer of glue approximately 5 mm thick to the bottom of the tray using a spatula. Press the pebbles into the glue and cover the entire bottom with it. If the pebbles are not very flat and you are concerned about the difficulty of removing spills, you can cover the pebble bottom with glass. Tatiana ROSLOVA, Moscow
  • Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" on Plants from pests in the garden and vegetable garden - which ones will repel them?The flower beetle can be repelled by spraying the trees with wormwood infusion or even hanging “bouquets” of wormwood on the trees. And a fresh decoction of chopped dandelion leaves and roots will help against strawberry mites. Where marigolds and calendula grow, there are fewer nematodes. In addition, these flowers inhibit the spread of fungal diseases. To combat the Colorado potato beetle, such a remedy is prepared. Collect potato skins and wash them. Make a steep solution of urea (half a kilo per one and a half liters of water). Potato skins are poured with this solution, infused and dried. Then they are scattered around the sprouted potato bed. Colorado beetles eat them and die. This must be done at the moment when the beetles have crawled out of the ground, but have not yet had time to lay eggs. To protect fruit and vegetable plants from apple borer, aphids, and scale insects, an infusion of caustic buttercup (1 kg of plants per 10 liters of water) will help. Pesticide plants will help protect vegetables and flowers from pests. For example, an infusion of marigold leaves is used against aphids on currants; against spider mites on roses - an infusion of potato leaves; against aphids on cabbage - an infusion of spruce or pine needles; against cruciferous flea beetles on radishes and turnips - a decoction of tomato leaves.
  • DIY on Subtleties of pruning trees and shrubs in March - AprilThe time for spring pruning depends on weather conditions. This work begins when the daytime temperature reaches 5-7 °C; and in which month depends on the region. It is important to complete pruning before sap flow begins. It is also necessary to paint over the cuts with drying oil paint or cover them with garden varnish. In the summer, tops will begin to appear at the pruning site: they are removed as they grow.
  • Olga Poroshina, Voronezh on Subtleties of pruning trees and shrubs in March - AprilIs it possible to prune trees in our region in March?
  • E.V. Kharchevkina, Bryansk region. on How to deal with moss on the site - the means and methodsCLEANING MOSS FROM TREES I would like to share with my readers very practical advice - how to clear moss from trees without stripping the trunks. Prepare a solution: mix 1 kg of salt, 2 kg of wood ash, 2 crushed pieces of laundry soap and pour in 10 liters of water; mix the ingredients as thoroughly as possible until they dissolve. Take a wide brush and work on parts of the trees affected by moss and lichen. After some time, the trees will clear themselves.
  • A.F. Medvedev on Do-it-yourself lethal solution from bark beetleWHAT WILL GET RID OF THE BARK BEETLE My husband and I have our own plot and a large garden. A couple of years ago we discovered bark beetles on a plum tree. Gardeners suggested how to get rid of them. In early spring, the first thing you need to do is remove all diseased, dry and unnecessary branches in the crown. The next step is protective treatment with a pesticide. For the bark beetle, it was recommended to use chlorophos: dilute 10 g of the substance in 20 liters of warm water, then spray the crown and trunk of the tree. After a couple of weeks, repeat the treatment. The method actually turned out to work. Sincerely, your regular reader
  • Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" on How to properly prepare seeds for sowing - all types of processingMY ADVICE 0 SEEDS Before sowing, I always treat all seeds - those that I plant in the greenhouse, and those that are immediately planted in open ground. I dip them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes. Then I rinse with water and dry. I pour the seeds into gauze bags and dip them in a solution of microelements (I buy different ones in garden stores), and leave them for a day. Then I dry it without rinsing. I do this treatment a day before sowing. I soak pea and bean seeds in warm sunflower oil for a week. Then I dry it thoroughly, and you can sow. To make parsley seeds germinate better, I first soak them in milk for 5-8 hours.
  • Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" on How to protect seedlings from pests (aphids, thrips, whiteflies, spider mites and flies)HOW TO PROTECT SEEDLING FROM PESTS To protect it from all pests and diseases, I spray it with a harmless homemade fungicide. I pour 2 tbsp into a liter jar. l. ground cinnamon, add 5 aspirin tablets and fill with warm boiled water. I stir and leave for 1 day. Then I filter, pour into a spray bottle and process the seedlings. After this treatment, no pests or diseases will appear.
  • Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" on How to use copper sulfate - properties, goals and objectives of the applicationABOUT VIOLATE AND TREATING TREES To prevent diseases of garden trees and shrubs, it is recommended to use copper sulfate. But there is also iron sulfate. I'll tell you about their differences. Iron sulfate is used for the same diseases as copper sulfate (scab, bacteriosis, moniliosis), and it also destroys mosses and lichens. The main difference is that copper sulfate can be sprayed on plants with leaves, while iron sulfate can be sprayed only on dormant trees and shrubs, that is, in the fall, after they shed their leaves, and in the spring, before the buds open (it will simply burn the tender green parts of the plants) . In addition, iron sulfate can be used as a fertilizer for feeding apple trees, plums, and cherries. These trees especially need iron. For this purpose, iron sulfate must be added to the soil in October (dissolved in water according to the instructions and watered around the tree trunks).
  • Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" on Which seeds need to be soaked and which don't?I SOAKE PEPPER SEEDS... IN ALOE JUICE Every year I grow bell pepper seedlings. It's not difficult, and the result is always pleasing. I buy pepper seeds and immediately check them for germination. To do this, I soak them (0,5 cups of water per 1 bag of seeds) and do not use those that float. To grow, I will need egg cells and purchased soil for seedlings. I soak good seeds with aloe juice (1 tsp of aloe juice per 0,5 cup of water) for a day. Then I take it out, wrap it in gauze (in several layers) and put it in the refrigerator overnight. I pour soil into the egg cells and plant one seed in each. I water and make sure the soil is moist. And when the shoots appear, I water less often. As soon as the sprouts get a little stronger, I take them along with the soil from the cells and plant them in plastic cups (I make small holes in the bottom of the cups). I pour soil for seedlings into a glass and plant a sprout with soil from the cell on top. I monitor watering (water moderately, do not over-water it). When the seedlings reach about 2-3 cm, I feed them with saltpeter - I add a small pinch to each glass. You can also fertilize with vermicompost, but this is not necessary. I plant the strengthened seedlings in open ground in the garden (or in a greenhouse). I plant seedlings in the greenhouse in February - early March.
  • V.S. Pyatak, Smolensk region on Gooseberry rejuvenation by transplanting and pruningHOW TO REJUVENATE A GOOSEBERRY BUSH If the gooseberry bush has stopped bearing fruit, then the reason may be old age. If the bush is more than 15 years old, there are practically no berries on it, then you need to do rejuvenation. To do this, every year for 3 years the bush must be thinned by 1/3 to its very base. Rejuvenating pruning is carried out in early spring, after the start of sap flow. If individual branches stop bearing fruit, cut them off. It is important not to cut just the top, but to remove the branch to the base.
  • Vladimir Grigoriev, Samara on Homemade plant stimulants - prepare with your own handsI stimulate seeds to germinate with microelements. For this I use any commercially available preparations, dilute them with water, but make the concentration half as much as for fertilizing (information about this is always in the instructions). And it works! Overall, germination rates increase significantly. This method is especially indispensable when sowing expensive seeds, which are packaged in bags in pieces.
  • Vladimir Lesov, Kaluga on Humates and humic fertilizers - application, pros and consI always water berry bushes in the spring with a solution of humates. Usually these are full-composition humates, that is, containing not only macro-, but also microelements. For each bush (depending on age) I use 1-2 buckets of solution. How many caps to pour into the watering can depends on the composition of the humate, so I always look at the instructions. The idea is simple: berry bushes (raspberries, gooseberries, currants, honeysuckle, strawberries) need a fresh dose of nutrition as early as possible, since their buds bloom early. Such a treat has a good effect on the future harvest. You can feed the bushes in this way even when the snow has not completely melted.
  • Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" on Homemade plant stimulants - prepare with your own handsThe effect of stimulants on seed germination is greatly exaggerated. Temperature has a decisive influence on seed germination! She came to this conclusion after conducting more than 30 experiments on the influence of different conditions on seedlings. And if the seeds “don’t want to germinate” for two or three weeks, you shouldn’t criticize the “sellers for not germinating.” The most heat-loving plants for germination are peppers. It turned out that below 20°C they practically do not sprout at all! Or they hatch with difficulty after 3-4 weeks, which is almost the same. But at 33-35°C they sprout wonderfully in 4-6 days. Germination temperature for peppers: - at less than 20°C they do not germinate - at 22°C - they germinate in 3-4 weeks - at 28°C - 10-14 days - at 30-35°C - 7 days That is, you only need to germinate peppers on a warm floor or on a heating mat. But not higher than 37°C - they will cook!
  • DIY on Apiary for beginners - or where to start beekeeping— The problem can be solved if the cause of the weakening was a lack of food, and not a disease or defect of the uterus. Families in which bees densely occupy at least two streets will be able to develop for the main June bribe. To do this, in the spring the nest is significantly reduced, and frames that are not infested with insects are removed from the house. Low-copper honeycomb frames are replaced with full-copper frames. The nest is additionally insulated. The bees are fed with melted honey or full honey. Warmth and the presence of food will stimulate the uterus to lay eggs. Such a family is gradually strengthened with brood. First, a frame with open brood is taken from the bees, and in return a frame with printed brood is substituted at the exit from a strong colony. A few days after the brood emerges, the next frame is placed. The procedure is carried out until the number of bees reaches the required level. But still, severely weakened colonies with a volume of insects of less than two streets cannot always be developed in this way for honey collection. In this case, they are united with each other or strengthened by average families.
  • Alexander Rozhkov. Bryansk region on Apiary for beginners - or where to start beekeepingSeveral of my bee colonies became weak during the winter. This was probably due to a lack of food. How to strengthen a weak family?
  • DIY on Apiary for beginners - or where to start beekeeping— Traces of feces on the frames after wintering indicate problems in the bee colony. The reasons may be different: poor quality food, high humidity in the nest, disturbance of insects from extraneous noise, or mice sneaking into the hive. It is most dangerous when this phenomenon is caused by nosematosis in bees. In this case, feces will serve as a source of infection. Therefore, worn-out honeycombs must be removed from the hive and subsequently disposed of. If there is brood, carefully clean the diarrhea stains from the frames and then return them to the nest. However, at the first opportunity after the brood has emerged, such honeycomb frames are replaced with clean ones. In case of emergency, full-copper frames with minor traces of diarrhea after cleaning can be used to feed the same family.
  • Kirill Romanovich on Apiary for beginners - or where to start beekeepingDuring a recent inspection, I found worn out frames in one hive. Can they be used in the future?
  • DIY on Apiary for beginners - or where to start beekeeping— The queen bee can be destroyed by disease, injury received during a careless autumn inspection of the family, or age-related characteristics of the insect’s body. The absence of the uterus is discovered only in early spring. During this period, there are few options to save a queenless family. Even if the bees themselves are able to hatch a queen from the eggs placed with a frame, it will not be complete, because in early spring it is difficult for a queenless colony to maintain optimal temperature conditions and provide the future queen with sufficient feeding. But the most important thing is that the queen will not be able to fly around, since the first drones appear only in May. Therefore, you will have to buy a new uterus. You can also use orphaned insects to strengthen the weakest family in the apiary.
  • Igor Svetlov on Apiary for beginners - or where to start beekeepingWhat to do in the spring with a queenless colony?
  • DIY on Apiary for beginners - or where to start beekeeping— The spring inspection is the first large-scale and important inspection of the bees in the apiary in the season. There is no need to delay this event. The sooner order is restored in bee colonies, the better for insects. The spring inspection is carried out after a cleansing flight. You need to wait for windless sunny days with temperatures in the shade of more than + 12 degrees. If it is not warm enough, there is no need to carry out the work: you can overcool the brood. During the spring inspection, the nests of the families are sorted out, their strength is determined, and the presence of a queen is determined. It is imperative to pay attention to the condition and quantity of brood, the availability of food, and the quality of the combs. It is recommended to transplant bees into new hives at least once every two years. If signs of disease were noticed, then annually. It is better to carry out the procedure in the spring during an audit event. During this period, there are still few insects in the families, there are no large reserves of food, and relocation can be carried out quickly. Replacement huts must be prepared in advance - cleaned and disinfected.
  • Egor Osmolovsky on Apiary for beginners - or where to start beekeepingWhen can you carry out a spring inspection of your apiary? Is it worth relocating colonies to new hives?
  • DIY on How to use pesticides in the country - instructions and choosing the safe ones!— Most likely, it was not Lapis Lazuli, but a completely different herbicide (for example, continuous action). The fact is that Lapis Lazuli is a selective herbicide, and it has no effect on potatoes. Of course, subject to the dosage. So next time, use a drug whose name you know exactly, follow the instructions - and everything will be fine with your potatoes. It is difficult to say whether anything will grow in this area. If it was Lapis Lazuli, then we can definitely say yes.
  • Oleg Svetlov on How to use pesticides in the country - instructions and choosing the safe ones!Last year, to get rid of weeds, I used a drug shared by a neighbor, apparently Lapis Lazuli (according to the instructions). As a result, both the weeds and the potatoes disappeared. Will anything grow in this place this year? How to help the earth get rid of the drug?
  • Polina GANINA on Mineral fertilizers in the country: how to choose, when to apply - just about the complicatedHOW TO MEASURE FERTILIZERS WITHOUT WEIGHTS When applying mineral fertilizers to the soil, I have not used scales for a long time. I saved a very convenient table for myself, which I want to share with other gardeners. Capacity of a faceted glass Dry matter Number of grams Superphosphate-185-200 Phosphorite flour-310-360 Potassium chloride-185-190 Ammo-foscamide-180-200 Fluff lime-120 Wood ash-90-120
  • Alexander ABUSHKEVICH, agronomist, Gorki on The technology of growing potatoes in bags - my reviews and which bags to choosePotatoes in bags - this method of growing potatoes is relevant for small summer cottages. You can’t count on a gigantic harvest, but if you follow the rules, you can get quite a decent result. Before planting, be sure to dip the seed tubers in a pink solution of potassium permanganate or spray them with Prestige diluted according to the instructions. Mix the soil where cucumbers or pumpkins grew last year, half and half with humus. Fill bags (about the size of a sugar container) halfway with the mixture. Make holes and plant the sprouted tubers in them, one per bag. Fill with soil and lightly compact the soil with your palms. Sprinkle generously with heated water and cover until shoots emerge. After germination, place the bags in a well-lit area, such as along garden paths. Water the potatoes with settled water as the soil dries out and pull out the weeds. Feed once every 2 weeks, alternating with herbal infusions, a solution of mullein (bird droppings), and water-soluble mineral fertilizers for potatoes. To prevent ants from appearing in the ground, sprinkle the soil with mustard powder, ground red pepper or tobacco dust every 10-14 days.
  • DIY on Preparing the garden for winter and frost - advises K.S.H SCIENCESInstead of tar, you can use scraps of old roofing felt or roofing felt. Pour kerosene over them and grind them into a paste with a wooden masher. Be careful: prepare bitumen varnish only in a well-ventilated area away from heating devices and open flames (it is highly flammable). Alexander SHKLYAROV, Ph.D. agricultural sciences
  • Sergey KULIKOV on Preparing the garden for winter and frost - advises K.S.H SCIENCESInventory under protection To prevent shovels, hoes, and hoes from becoming stained with rust, I store them in sand soaked in bitumen varnish. I take the required amount of kerosene (to saturate the sand) and dissolve the tar in it until the mixture thickens to a creamy state.
  • Ivan Russkikh, experimental gardener, Belarus on How to protect yourself from midges, mosquitoes and ticks - reviews of the "miracle" devices and folk remediesDuring the seedling period I had a problem with black midges. I found a simple and effective way against them - poured it with a solution of essential oil. Add 3-4 drops of any essential oil per liter of water (can be bought at a pharmacy or cosmetic stores). Water on top of the soil, or you can pour it into a tray. This is not to say that this is a mega-method, but it helps. If there are a lot of midges, install fly tape. A fumigator, which is often purchased against mosquitoes, will also play a role. It is recommended to use the insecticide “Aktara” or “Tanrek”. To consolidate success, the treatment is carried out twice. However, nitrates can accumulate in the soil and it will become too wet, which can lead to rot. Therefore, I prefer to use biological fungi that parasitize fly larvae. Very effective and safe for humans. Such preparations are available in seed stores, they will tell you.
  • Guest of the site "With Your Own Hands" on Liming the soil to reduce acidity - how and when?Agronomic science considers the autumn application of limestone materials to be the most effective and safe to eliminate soil acidity. It is better not to do this in May - limestone flour added shortly before planting and sowing will not have time to act, or it will even burn the plants. Spring liming on the snow cover allows you to return to the proper rhythm of gardening. When the crust melts, the lumps of powder disintegrate, and some of it penetrates into the root layer of the soil. As a result, the deoxidizer is distributed more evenly, actively interacts with the soil and no longer threatens the roots. Konstantin Shesternev, Kozelsk village, Kaluga region.
  • Boris Uba, Saransk on Will fruit trees survive the winter - an easy way to find out!The trunks of fruit trees receive the most severe sunburn in March. If I don’t have time to whitewash the trees in the fall, I try to get to the site either at the end of February or in March. I can’t leave the trees alone with the bright sun! The trunks can be covered with any protective material; polypropylene bags, strips of old covering material, pieces of burlap and even paper are useful for this. As a last resort, you can attach ordinary boards to the trunks on the south side; they will take the entire blow and protect the bark. Sometimes, in order to destroy the surface of the crust, I scatter ash, dolomite or limestone flour over it. If you ski several times in front of the tree on the south side, the ice crust will also collapse.
  • Polina Larionova, Moscow on How to warm the soil in the spring in the beds and in the greenhouse?The debate about whether it is necessary to fill greenhouse beds with snow continues. Every gardener has his own arguments. Unlike previous years, we only started filling the greenhouse with snow in February. Because in the summer, whiteflies were rampant in the greenhouses, which undoubtedly laid eggs in the soil in the fall. The pest could overwinter under the snow. I let the ground freeze well in the hope that the whitefly eggs would die. And yet, why cover the greenhouse with snow? It protects the soil from erosion and drying out. When melting, it perfectly moisturizes the soil. Melt water is healthy, you can call it living water, rich in useful microelements with a neutral ph (acidity). Snow water washes the soil of salts. Of course, if the groundwater level is high, it is better not to add snow. A very thin layer of snow should be added if the greenhouse is located in a dark corner. A thick layer of snow will not melt well, and the ground will warm up late. Only the beds (not the paths!) need to be filled with snow, while the doors and windows can be kept open so that the bright February sun does not melt the snow ahead of time.
  • DIY on Do-it-yourself fertilizers and fertilizing from food waste from the kitchen - my recipesDear Iraida Stepanovna! Of course, both flours can be mixed; they are almost the same thing. Just follow the instructions.